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How to Grow Cannabis: 7 Simple Steps
How to grow cannabis

The legalization of cannabis is becoming increasingly widespread in the United States and many other countries worldwide, which is fantastic news! Although not universally acknowledged, it’s widely accepted in much of Europe, and in some places, it’s fully legal.

How to grow cannabis? Congratulations if you’ve decided to cultivate your own cannabis! You’re becoming part of a rapidly growing community as homegrown marijuana gains popularity globally.

The Beginner’s Guide to Growing Cannabis from Seeds

How to grow marijuana? Growing your own cannabis isn’t just enjoyable; it’s also a cost-effective way to obtain high-quality buds. Marijuana is resilient and can thrive in various climates, whether you’re growing it outdoors, in greenhouses, or indoors throughout the year.

Embarking on the journey of growing cannabis from seed is akin to developing a gardening skill. While it’s easy to grasp the basics, mastering it takes time. Don’t feel daunted—cultivating your own cannabis isn’t overly complex and can be as economical or extravagant as you desire.

A solid grasp of the fundamentals is crucial for a successful marijuana growing endeavor. By making informed choices early on, you can optimize your yields. These seven essential steps will provide you with the knowledge necessary to become proficient in cannabis cultivation.

Choosing the Right Cannabis Seeds

The array of choices can feel overwhelming, with options like sativa, indica, ruderalis, and numerous hybrids easily accessible online. Your personal preferences and past encounters serve as the compass for your decision-making. Reflect on which strains have resonated with your preferences and provided effective relief for your specific requirements; these serve as solid starting points.

Additionally, take into account your cultivation environment for growing marijuana. Are you confined to a small space like a cupboard, where compact and fast-growing plants such as autoflowering strains or indicas would thrive best? Or do you have ample outdoor space, enabling you to cultivate one or more large plants directly in the ground or in sizable pots?

Grasping the Essentials of Cannabis

For cannabis to flourish and develop the potent buds desired, it depends on several key factors.

How to grow cannabis


During the vegetative stage, cannabis plants require over eighteen hours of light per day for healthy growth. This can be controlled indoors using timers, while outdoor cultivation necessitates waiting until the plants can access at least twelve hours of daylight and eight hours of direct sunlight daily.

Growing Medium

While soil is commonly used, alternatives such as coconut coir, perlite, or hydroponic setups can supply the necessary nutrients. Aeroponics and deep water culture systems eliminate the need for a growing medium, as nutrients are directly delivered to the roots.


Adequate airflow is crucial for cannabis to develop strength and facilitate gas exchange. Indoor growers must ensure proper ventilation to prevent stagnant air, which can lead to pest issues and weak growth.


Water is vital for cannabis growth and function. Outdoor crops may rely on natural rainfall, but larger plants often require additional watering. Indoors, water serves as a medium for nutrient delivery, and maintaining the correct pH level is essential for healthy growth.


While cannabis can tolerate various temperatures, extremes can cause stress. The optimal temperature for growth is around 27°C, achievable indoors with proper ventilation and temperature control.


Cannabis requires nutrients for growth, which can be supplied through nutrient-rich soil or tailored hydroponic solutions. Organic supplements like compost tea can improve soil quality and support healthy growth.


Maintaining optimal humidity levels is crucial for indoor cultivation to prevent pests and mold. Outdoor growers must adapt to natural variations, while indoor environments require careful humidity regulation throughout the plant’s lifecycle.

Meeting these requirements, whether indoors or outdoors, is vital for cultivating strong cannabis plants that produce high-quality buds.

Illumination for Growing Cannabis Indoors

With the legalization of cannabis, there has been a significant increase in the variety of lights and grow chambers available for indoor cultivation. Your budget will ultimately determine your choice.

Customized Grow Cupboards

For those with ample funds, sophisticated grow cupboards tailored specifically for cannabis cultivation are readily available. These units come equipped with lights, fans, separate chambers for cloning, vegetative growth, and flowering, timers, and carbon filters, offering a plug-and-play solution from experienced growers.

Lights for Every Budget

Alternatively, budget-friendly options include basic yet effective setups such as CFL (Compact Fluorescent Light) or small LED panels, which can cost less than three hundred dollars. These setups can produce quality buds even in a small, spare cupboard. Other options like T5 fluorescent lights offer various spectrums for different growth stages and can fit into compact spaces efficiently.

Traditional Grow Lights

Traditional options like HPS (High-Pressure Sodium) and MH (Metal Halide) lamps are also available. A 1000W HPS with reflectors can effectively illuminate a 1.5 x 1.5-meter area, promoting robust growth. Similarly, a 600W MH lamp can provide optimal lighting for flowering.

Heat Management

It’s crucial to consider the heat generated by these lights. Without proper ventilation, your grow space may become too hot for healthy cannabis growth. Efficient exhaust systems are necessary to maintain an ideal environment.

Sprouting and Early Growth of Cannabis Seeds

How to plant weed seeds? To embark on your cannabis cultivation journey, you start by germinating your seeds. Each viable seed holds all the essential genetic information needed to cultivate your chosen strain. Under the right conditions, the seed’s life cycle kicks off, requiring three key elements for germination: water, optimal temperature, and a suitable setting.

Cannabis growing is an organic process that doesn’t strictly follow rules but rather demands mastering an art. There exist several effective methods for germinating cannabis, and with time, you’ll find the one that suits you best.

  • Direct Planting: By placing seeds directly into your growing medium, you can bypass transplant shock. Starting in a small pot before transitioning to larger ones or the garden is often simpler.
  • Paper Towel Method: Seeds are laid on moist paper towels on a plate in a warm, dark spot, often covered to maintain moisture. Within several days to a week, seeds will sprout.
  • Jiffies, Plugs, and Rock Wool Starters: These offer a straightforward method, enabling many seeds to germinate in a small area. Once seedlings are established, they can be moved without harming roots.
  • Water Germination: Seeds are soaked in enzyme-enriched water until the taproot emerges, then transferred to the growing medium. Typically, seedlings emerge about a week later.
  • Germination Stations: These provide control over humidity and temperature, accelerating germination and fostering optimal conditions for seedling growth.

As your plants emerge from the soil and discard their seed husks to reveal their first true leaves, photosynthesis initiates. At this juncture, your marijuana seedling is on the path to becoming either a resinous indoor plant or a robust outdoor specimen.

Nurturing Cannabis During Its Vegetative Phase

When green leaves are exposed to light, photosynthesis initiates, signaling the beginning of the vegetative phase for your plants.

Indoors, a typical light schedule involves 18 hours of light followed by 6 hours of darkness, which doesn’t necessarily need to match natural daylight hours. This flexibility allows for scheduling according to preference, potentially reducing electricity costs by running equipment during off-peak times. Plants thrive in organic soil or with nutrients tailored for this phase, while adequate airflow helps regulate temperatures and fortify young plants. Advanced methods such as carbon dioxide enrichment and low-stress training can further boost growth and flower potential indoors.

Outdoors, cannabis undergoes rapid growth as daylight hours increase from spring to summer. With sufficient root space and favorable genetics, plants can reach heights of three to four meters during the vegetative phase. Contemporary cultivation practices involve ongoing topping and pruning to maintain an even canopy, promoting uniform bud development during flowering. Cannabis remains in the vegetative stage as long as daylight exceeds twelve hours, with the duration of vegetation decreasing at greater distances from the equator.

The length of the vegetative phase is adaptable, depending on your cultivation objectives. It can be extended for methods such as the Sea of Green, which emphasizes numerous small plants, or shortened for fewer, larger plants using techniques like topping and mainlining to encourage significant flower production.

The Flourishing Stage of Vigorous Marijuana Plants

Blooming, flowering, and budding are synonymous terms representing the growth phase of marijuana plants. During this time, fragrances develop and distinct floral patterns emerge, reflecting the chosen strain. This phase begins after vegetative growth ends.

In outdoor settings, the initial flowering stage typically aligns with the transition from summer to autumn. Indoors, you can control flowering onset by adjusting the light schedule to twelve hours of daylight and twelve hours of darkness.

Cannabis species respond to hormonal changes determining whether they continue vegetating or transition to flowering. There are two primary types: Absolute Photo Determinate (APD) and autoflowering.

APD plants use light-sensitive hormones to delay flowering until exposed to extended darkness, typically twelve hours or more.

Autoflowering strains initiate flowering based on age rather than light exposure, sometimes as early as two weeks after germination.

How to grow cannabis

The Blooming Process

  • Differentiation: As flowering begins, noticeable changes occur in growth patterns, with branches adopting zig-zag patterns and shorter distances between nodes.
  • Blooming: Although flowering stages are consistent across species, the duration varies. Indica strains mature quickly, ready for consumption weeks before longer-maturing sativas.
  • After differentiation, flowers start to form, with calyxes emerging at branch nodes, quickly covered in pistils. Desired resins begin forming in young trichomes on pistils, calyxes, and leaves.
  • Calyx puffballs elongate along spikes, accommodating fresh clusters and unique bud-specific leaves. These new leaves are thicker, smaller, and often wrinkled, coated in trichomes, unlike sugar leaves. They eventually become partly submerged by swelling flower clusters.
  • Over weeks, flower clusters multiply, forming large colas adorned with resin-swollen trichomes. As maturity approaches, calyxes and trichomes swell with abundant desirable resins.

Optimizing Bud Quality: Harvest, Dry, and Cure

In the final stage, plants undergo a thorough flushing with clean water to remove any remaining nutrients and salts, ensuring a clean, untainted flavor.

Determining Cannabis Ripeness

When trichome coverage is ample and pistils shift hues to deep orange, mauve, brown, or scarlet, it’s time to harvest. Resin sacs progress from clear to milky to amber, indicating maturity. Additionally, flower clusters swell, indicating readiness for harvest.

For higher THC potency, harvest when trichomes reach 20-30% amber; for a wider cannabinoid profile, wait until they reach 60-80% amber, observing subtle changes within a day.

Harvesting Approaches

There’s no definitive method for harvesting. Some opt for wet trimming, removing leaves while the plant remains upright, followed by further processing. Others might trim large sugar leaves before hanging the entire plant to dry or laying buds on a rack. The key is to handle with care to minimize disturbance to the delicate trichomes.

Drying and Curing Cannabis

To properly dry your cannabis, put the buds in a dark, cool place with low humidity. This process should take at least two weeks and requires regular checking to avoid over-drying or mold growth. When the buds are dry enough, thin branches will snap easily, while thicker ones will bend slightly.

During drying, chlorophyll breaks down, resulting in different colors depending on the strain, like fawn, tan, pale green, or even deep blue and purple hues.

For storing cured buds, gently pack them into a well-sealed glass jar. Initially, open the jar daily for two weeks to release excess moisture that might cause mold. Once the buds feel dry, reduce opening the jar to once a week to keep the conditions optimal.

The curing time can vary depending on preference. Good curing enhances the psychoactive effects of cannabis, with a minimum of six weeks being ideal. Longer curing makes the product smoother. Keep the jars in a dark, cool place to prevent THC loss from light exposure.

If you’re unsure about the dryness, occasionally test the buds during the drying process to gauge progress. Since cannabis resins are waxy, fully dried buds might not feel completely dry, but practice will help develop sensitivity.

Growing and enjoying your own cannabis can be satisfying with attention and patience, even in small spaces.

Choosing a Cannabis Variety: Simplified Selection

Discovering the simplicity of cannabis cultivation is just the beginning; the crucial step is selecting the perfect strain from the multitude available. With countless options out there, the task may seem overwhelming. To aid you in this decision, we’ve compiled several top 10 lists featuring the finest strains tailored to various preferences.

For both novice growers and experienced cultivators, our selection of the top 10 autoflowering cannabis strains includes varieties like Royal Gorilla Automatic, Royal Cookies Automatic, and Northern Light Automatic. These strains are prized for their quick growth cycle, manageable sizes, and discreet nature.

If your aim is to maximize yields, explore our top 10 feminized cannabis strains, which include premium options such as Power Flower, Amnesia Haze, and White Widow. While these strains require a shift in the growth cycle to induce flowering, they often yield higher cannabinoid levels and larger harvests compared to autoflowering varieties.

Beyond potency, each strain boasts a diverse array of aromatic terpenes, offering a unique sensory experience. Dive into our list of the top 10 tastiest cannabis strains, featuring tantalizing cultivars like Fruit Spirit, Fat Banana, and Haze Berry, perfect for flavorful extracts and edibles.

Kush genetics, hailing from the Hindu Kush mountains, are highly esteemed for their potent, relaxing effects. Explore our top 10 Kush cannabis strains, including hybrids like Candy Kush, Bubble Kush, and Pineapple Kush, known for their soothing highs and robust genetics.

Easy-to-Grow Cannabis Strains: Top 6 Picks

Green Crack Punch

While many sativa strains require precise care and expertise, Green Crack Punch stands out for its energetic high and delightful flavor. This hybrid of Purple Punch and Green Crack is forgiving of common mistakes like over or under-watering, imprecise nutrient mixing, slight pH imbalances, or minor light leaks. Within just 55–60 days of flowering, Green Crack Punch produces dense, resin-soaked buds with vibrant colors, yielding up to 500g/m².

New users should be cautious of Green Crack Punch’s potency, with a THC content of 20%. Its effects start with invigorating energy and focus, transitioning into soothing physical relaxation, thanks to Purple Punch’s indica genetics. The smoke offers a smooth texture with hints of tangy citrus, ripe blueberry, and sweet grape.

Easy Bud

Easy Bud, an autoflowering hybrid, is renowned for its swift and uncomplicated growth. This strain embodies efficiency through its quick flowering time, compact size, and forgiving nature. For those in search of cannabis seeds that virtually ensure a successful harvest, especially for inexperienced cultivators, Easy Bud stands as the ultimate choice.

Ideal for growers with limited space, Easy Bud typically remains under 60cm tall indoors while producing dense, resinous buds. Derived from white indica genetics, it yields lush green buds coated in a frosty layer of resin atop healthy, dark foliage.

With a THC content averaging around 12%, Easy Bud delivers a gentle yet functional high, appealing to both novice and seasoned users alike. Its effects offer a relaxing buzz without inducing couch-lock, even among those with low tolerance. Furthermore, its mild nature makes it a safe option for users susceptible to anxiety or paranoia.


Critical, blending simplicity with excellence, is a medium-sized cash crop and a recipient of the prestigious Cannabis Cup. While beginner-friendly, this strain produces potent yields that attract seasoned growers. Whether you’re new to cultivation or prefer efficiency, this Afghani X Skunk hybrid, with its 7-week flowering period, could swiftly become your top choice.

Indoors, Critical maintains a manageable size, typically not exceeding 140cm in height. Employing low or high-stress training techniques can further manage its height, with the plants bouncing back swiftly. During its rapid flowering stage, Critical displays mainly green tones with hints of autumnal colors, resulting in yields of up to 600g/m², even for novices.

Comprising 60% indica and 40% sativa genetics, Critical induces a balanced mind-body relaxation, devoid of excessive energy or anxiety. Despite its 18% THC level, it provides a tranquil experience, suitable for users prone to paranoia. Its flavor profile is classic, characterized by sweet and earthy undertones.

White Widow

White Widow, symbolizing flawless purity, serves as the founding member of the esteemed “White” lineage. Despite the emergence of numerous hybrids, the original fusion of Brazilian Sativa and Indian Indica remains unparalleled in both quality and cultivation ease. With a legacy of awards and a captivating allure, White Widow enthralls growers with its snow-covered buds and euphoric effects, establishing itself as an essential choice for cannabis aficionados.

Hailing from the Netherlands, White Widow demonstrates adaptability to colder climates, ensuring successful outdoor cultivation, although optimal indoor yields are achieved with abundant light. Notably undemanding, this hybrid thrives without specific care requirements, flourishing in standard soil or mediums. With a concise flowering period of just nine weeks, growers can expect a plentiful harvest.

Despite its 50% Sativa genetics, White Widow delivers a cerebral experience reminiscent of pure Haze, inducing a stimulating high characterized by a tingling sensation and deep euphoria. Its invigorating flavor profile, featuring pine and citrus undertones, further elevates the overall smoking experience.

Royal Jack Auto

Royal Jack Auto, carrying forward the esteemed Jack Herer legacy, grants novice growers access to classic Jack Herer buds with its compact size and swift flowering cycle. Remaining true to its predecessor, this strain yields medical-grade head highs and emits Jack’s signature spicy aroma. Combining it with White Widow forms a potent Dutch duo, perfect for beginners.

As a fully autoflowering variety, Royal Jack Auto swiftly transitions into the flowering stage within two weeks of germination, culminating in mature flowers ready for harvest within 10 weeks. With a moderate THC content of 16%, it caters to both medical and recreational users, delivering an initial burst of creativity followed by a soothing body buzz. Its flavor closely mirrors Jack Herer’s herbal essence.

Special Queen 1

Special Queen 1, an economical yet premium Skunk hybrid, offers novice growers a cost-effective option for cultivating aromatic flowers without compromising quality. With a rapid flowering period of 7 to 8 weeks, this strain produces abundant Sativa-dominant blooms with a strong scent, thriving in various environments and cultivation methods. Boasting an impressive THC potency of 18%, it delivers a long-lasting, mood-enhancing high marked by euphoria and relaxation. Featuring a sweet, fruity flavor with spicy hints, Special Queen 1 offers a gratifying sensory experience.

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